technology

How Do Smart Grids Help the Environment?

Smart grid technologies are seen by many as the way forward for green energy, but what exactly are smart grid technologies and what do they have to do with solving the environmental problems that we are today? faced? It turns out that smart grid is a term that covers a wide range of concepts and technologies that all combine to help modernize our electrical system. The main objective of smart grids is to increase the level of information and interaction between the different sections of the electricity grid. This communication enables a more efficient operation of our electrical system and may lead to big changes in the future.

By increasing the level of information available to the people who manage the electricity grid, we can adapt more effectively to meet peak demand. This is the first major environmental improvement we have seen thanks to smart grids. Currently, peak demand is met by operating so-called “peaker” factories. These are usually older coal-fired power plants that only operate to meet peak demand. By controlling our power grid more effectively through better monitoring, we could reduce and eventually get rid of the need for these dirty power plants. However, new technologies need to be implemented to enable power monitoring and control to handle this peak demand. In addition to helping to reduce our environmental impact, reducing the need for “peaker” plants will help reduce the cost of energy because we will no longer pay to maintain plants that we only use occasionally. These same smart grid monitoring technologies will also allow grid managers to better respond to system overloads and route excess power to prevent outages, thereby minimizing economic losses due to power outages.

Another goal of smart grid technologies is to increase the efficiency of intercontinental electricity transfers through the grid. This will be a major breakthrough for renewable energy sources, helping to alleviate some of the drawbacks of intermittent generation. Being able to efficiently transport the energy produced all over the country, we can have a widespread production of renewable energy, ensuring that a part of it is always online. As it stands, wind generation needs to be supported by more traditional forms of generation in the event of a wind shutdown, but by dispersing our wind generation across the continent, we reduce the risk of losing production altogether. At the same time, there is a greater possibility of decentralizing electricity production, allowing small wind turbines and solar panels to plug into the grid and share the energy they create.

There are also more consumer-oriented ideas under the guise of smart grid technologies. The use of smart meters is already being implemented. Smart meters allow dynamic pricing of energy based on current demand levels. By increasing the price in real time as demand increases, we can help smooth our demand curve for electricity, which will help to further ease pressure on the grid during peak periods. Along with smart meters, people are also developing smart devices that monitor demand on the grid and run when there is the most energy available. This would include things like dishwashers and dryers that you could set to run overnight, but instead of setting an exact time, you would just tell them to run when the price of energy drops below. ‘a certain threshold. These consumer smart grid technologies will help consumers take an active role in managing the electricity grid instead of the current passive role they currently play. Greater involvement in the community allows everyone to participate and do their part to help solve current environmental problems, but this cannot happen without smart belt technologies.

The final aspect that proponents of smart grids talk about is something that is already widely available to consumers but is not being exploited. I am referring to improvements in energy efficiency. If everyone in the country did their best to make their homes as energy efficient as possible, we could significantly reduce the strain on the grid. By reducing our demand for electricity from the grid, we would facilitate the shift to renewable energy sources and manage our peak demand. While there are already many options available to improve the energy efficiency of homes, the goal of smart grid technologies is to increase awareness of these options and give people a reason to research the problems and improve their efficiency. energy efficiency of their home.

This only covers the very basics of smart grid technologies as they apply to a wide range of topics. The general idea of ​​smart grid technologies, however, is clear; to increase the efficiency and intelligence of the electrical system as a whole. Achieving these goals will make it easier to integrate renewable energy sources into our power system, cope with peaks in demand, prevent blackouts and build a more resilient power grid. Thus, although smart grid technologies by themselves are not considered green technologies, they will help enable rapid adoption of green production and thus help reduce the production of Co2 and other pollutants.


Source by Barret Hudson

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