Medical Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods

Medical waste requires care to be disposed of properly. The main problem in the management of medical waste is the risk of infection. Pathological waste can contain dangerous and contagious infectious agents, just like laboratory cultures. Sharp objects (sharp objects like scissors and injections) if improperly managed can insert harmful agents directly into the bloodstream.

Hazardous waste is a category in itself, but it can overlap with medical waste. I mean waste can be both medical and hazardous. This hazardous medical waste contains highly toxic compounds like those used in chemotherapy and is therefore subject to special regulations under federal law.

Below I will describe two ways to deal with this waste.


Incineration refers to the act of burning hazardous medical waste. The three main types of incinerators used are controlled air, excess air and the rotary kiln.

However, controlled air incineration is the most widely used medical waste incineration (MWI) technology and now dominates the market for new systems in hospitals and similar medical facilities.

Thermal processes

The processes that depend on heat, that is, thermal energy to destroy pathogens in waste, are called thermal processes. This category is subdivided into low temperature, medium heat and high temperature thermal processes. This additional division is necessary because the physical and chemical reactions that take place in thermal processes change dramatically at different temperatures.

Low heat thermal processes are those that use thermal energy to decontaminate wastes at temperatures insufficient to cause chemical degradation or to support combustion. In general, low temperature thermal technologies operate between 200 F and about 350 F (93 C and 177 C).

Medium heat thermal processes take place at temperatures between 350 F and 700 F (177 C to 370 C) and involve the chemical decomposition of organic material. These processes are the basis of relatively new technologies.

High temperature thermal processes generally operate at temperatures ranging from about 1,000 F to 15,000 F (540 C to 8,300 C). This intense heat is provided by electrical resistance, induction, natural gas and / or plasma energy.

Waste considered to be both medical waste and hazardous waste, i.e. hazardous medical waste can be particularly difficult to deal with, as most service providers dealing with the treatment and disposal of medical waste are unwilling to accept hazardous waste, and vice versa.

Therefore, the logical thing to do here is to hire a good medical waste disposal company that deals with hazardous medical waste. They will take care of things for you.

Source by Farhan Musavi

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